AsiaSat has been granted a patent by the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The patent is about the methods and systems that enable effective aviation communication via satellite over a broad area at high altitude.
Example methods include the use of a wide-beam antenna on a satellite to provide a wide flatten coverage by transmitting signals at a frequency higher than 10 GHz and at a relatively low satellite power (EIRP) to avoid interference with ground stations or adjacent satellites.
At the same time, the satellite system is configured with a spot beam antenna to receive signals from a mobile antenna on the aircraft at a different frequency of at least 13.75 GHz to achieve better gain for higher data-throughput rate of the connection. With the use of a low-power wide-beam antenna, the described system enables communication coverage for aircraft with fewer beams and fewer antennas and receivers onboard a satellite, thus reducing its payload, hardware, and ground stations requirements, and results in a more reliable service that can be achieved with less switching and traffic handover issues.
The same method and system can also be configured to provide connectivity to an unmanned aviation vehicle (UAV) for establishing immediate communication links in emergency situations due to natural disaster or warfare.